Microelectronics a subsection of electronics deals with the manufacture or microfabrication of very small electrical components.

They are made from semiconductor materials and include in their designs most of the components found in normal electrical designs.

These components include transistors, resistors, diodes, conductors, inductors and a lot more.

The goal of the microelectronic engineer is to find ways of minimizing wear and tear while delivering much smaller, faster and cheaper devices to the consumers.

Applications Of Microelectronics

Microeletronics

Microelectronics in unionism with Nano-scale technology has found applications in various sectors of human endeavour. The most notable include:

  • Computers and consumer electronics
  • Computer-aided designs for industrial applications (CAD)
  • Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) and robotics
  • Microprocessor control systems like the numerically controlled machine tools (NCMTs) for engineering.

Progress And Development Of Microelectronics In Nano-Scale

Innovation nowadays seems to be centered around information and communication systems, first of them all is microelectronics

New progress and rapid development of science have shown great potential for a number of applications and commercialization opportunities. This has enabled the proper development of tools to analyze matter, mechanical movement and structures on a small scale with atomic resolutions.

Some of the new tools deployed to look into components on a smaller scale involve designing, modeling, engineering, computer simulations, characterization and manufacturing at an appropriately small scale. Scientists are now able to re-invent the wheel and develop new technologies just by realizing advanced materials via the assembly and manipulation of atoms and molecules in the Nano-scale.

Innovation nowadays seems to be centered around information and communication systems, first of them all is microelectronics. There is no disputing the fact that electronics has been a key driver of the scientific and technological processes that has made major contributions to the social and economic growth of mankind since the mid-20th century.

Major areas microelectronics have played important roles in humanity include but not limited to:

  • Mobile phones and telecommunication systems
  • Multimedia applications and digital media systems
  • Computing and networking (the internet as a whole)
  • Cleaner production processes for factories
  • Safer vehicles and better performing medical systems

In fact, the input of microelectronics to the development and civilization of the human race cannot be overemphasized.

Harnessing The Benefits Of Microelectronics And Nanotechnology

There are presently lots of efforts in place to harness the benefits of nanotechnology.

There are presently lots of efforts in place to harness the benefits of nanotechnology. Both nanotechnology and microelectronics have opened up areas of new research and development, something that would have been unthinkable to achieve many years ago. We are in an era of light speed development and research; yesterday’s breakthrough might become obsolete tomorrow.

However, a lot still needs to be done to transform the outcome of the numerous research on microelectronics and nanotechnology into meaningful job opportunities, economic growth, and a better quality of life.

Still, commercialization of microelectronics and MEMS devices are still hindered, largely because of the complexity of dealing with such materials at such a small scale. Developing micro applications to replace or reinvent those existing is a possibility but they are quite expensive.  A simple look at the cost of developing solar panel cells for electricity generation will give you an idea of how expensive this process is.

Having analyzed the economic importance of microelectronics and nanotechnology, there seems to be a well-defined path for future growth on a larger scale. There is a larger pie to be shared in the future, but in all sincerity, it shouldn’t be for financial gain only.  A global system of approach needs to be utilized rather than an individualistic or state system. Tackling matters this way would ensure that synergies between players are harnessed for knowledge and development.

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While microelectronics continues to pave the wave for nanotechnology, corporate organizations and financial institutions should embark on meaningful technologies with economic value rather than creating technology for technology’s sake.

Care must also be taken into consideration to communicate and promote to the public the usefulness and benefits of a nanotechnology-based approach, otherwise we risk stalling the progress of the miniaturization field.

Just as governments are pressing on companies to manufacture eco-friendly technologies in their products, consumers of electronic products are yearning for low cost and small-sized devices. This requirement keeps driving the innovation that is seen in the new technologies of microelectronics.

Emerging technologies in microelectronics have a strong potential of efficiency in this area thus creating lots of opportunities in different areas of applications in electronics using microelectronics.

Here are the top ten trusted microelectronic technologies you should know about.

 1. Flexible Electronics

Flexible electronics is a promising and emerging industry that is hoped to have a stronger impact on the electronic industry in the nearer future. For flexible electronics which can also be described as lightweight implementation, they have good potential to create flexible electronics products such as in lighting, displays, memory storage and sensors, among others. The technology presented by flexible electronics makes it possible to easily implement new applications that were sometimes not feasible to attain before now. This includes applications such as smart textiles and informative human interfaces.

2. 3D Integration

 The 3D integration technology refers to various applications. The technology allows several traditional device layers to be placed on stacks and interconnected electronically. As an emerging technology, the trend is its support for more functional and powerful devices that are smaller and of low cost. Stacking of many layers of a device can improve performance of the circuit and lower power consumption. The 3D integration principle provides manufacturers the flexibility to combine other heterogeneous devices into a single circuit.

3. Haptic & Touch

The touch technology has brought a new approach to interacting with our devices. This allows human-computer relationship using various physical contacts with a device such as gestures and touch.

The major applications of this technology are in consumer electronics, medical, automotive, in industry and in-home automation.

4. Advanced Display

 The ever-dynamic digital content of today in addition to the growth of portable devices, is a strong influence to the shift towards modern display technologies like LCD display, 3D displays, on mobile phones, cameras and on computers.

These technologies have enhanced performance, great color gamut, faster response, better image quality and low power consumption. This gives a good user experience for viewers in contrasts to conventional designs.

5. Smart Grids

A smart grid provides an electricity network which intelligently integrates all actions of users linked to it, that is, the generators and the consumers. This is in a bid to deliver economical, secure and sustainable supplies. A smart grid creates enhancement in grid reliability by cutting down on the rate of power outages and the amount of power quality inadequacies.

With various sources of power generation such as solar and wind generation to switch to, smart grid provides a seamless integration for the alternative sources of energy.

6. Green Electronics

The push by the government for green manufacturing is a driver to the innovations in microelectronics for product design.

Production are tailored towards energy efficiency, green and clean solutions. This technology incorporates power saving capability, eco-friendliness such as reduced carbon emissions using microelectronics.

7. Wireless Charging

The use of electric cars and adopting smart devices are motivation for advancement in microelectronic technology.

Wireless charging of automotive device and electronics are possibilities through microelectronics. Companies are gearing up to fully adopting wireless charging methods.

8. Smart Antennas

Smart connection devices have opened up the manufacture of other smart application.

Communication via smart devices such as antennas is made feasible through the application of microelectronics and semiconductor implementation.

9. Data Storage

With microelectronics technology, utilization in the development of cloud-based and enterprise storage systems are the future of data storage.

Software-based storage solutions are frantically pursued. The transformation in the digital sector encourages the adoption of such data storage solutions that are driven by microelectronics.

10. Wearable Technology

The application of microelectronics has helped tremendously in the design of devices that we attach on our bodies.

As a great innovation from this implementation, wristbands, wearable displays, pendants and other fashionable healthcare products are designed to monitor an individual’s wellbeing.

Using sensors and embedded systems that are driven by microelectronics makes this possible to attain the feat in wearable electronic devices.